The Only Answer to Sin
We will spend a considerable amount of time with Jesus’ death on the cross in a later section devoted entirely to the subject. But for now, it is important to establish the need for an incarnation in relation to our redemption. A few criteria have already been referenced for a redeemer. He must possess authority, be perfect, and willing to suffer. It is important to note two important passages of scripture which qualify Jesus as this Redeemer, and demonstrate how His story revealed the eternal strategy of the Father.
The first passage is Romans 5 where the Apostle Paul identifies Jesus as a second Adam. In the Garden of Eden, Adam disobeyed God and brought sin into the world. We know Eve sinned as well, but Paul uses Adam to make his point, and to represent the entire human race. Adam’s sin was devastating. It ruined the perfect life God planned for His creation, gave Satan a foothold in our hearts, and introduced death and decay everywhere (Romans 5:12).
Since Adam’s sin tainted all humanity it was necessary, in God’s system of justice, for another man to shed his blood as payment. Jesus was that man! “God demonstrates his own love for us in this: While we were still sinners, Christ died for us. Since we have now been justified by his blood, how much more shall we be saved from God’s wrath through him!” (Roman 5:8-9)
Because Jesus was perfect (Hebrews 4:15) He was able to assume the role of justifier and reverse the unrighteous act of Adam with His own righteous act on Calvary (Romans 5:18-19).
Therefore, as our second Adam, our sinless Redeemer Jesus made us just by paying our debt on the cross. Was it possible for Jesus to sin? The answer to this question must be “yes” or His temptation in the wilderness after His baptism was nothing but an interesting story. This gives us another reason to praise our Savior as we imagine Him battling Satan on every turn in order to remain sinless for our sakes. The first Adam sinned to satisfy his personal appetite, but Jesus refused sin to satisfy righteousness and save us from eternal separation from the Father. We would expect this from Him, but it is still astonishing to know He pulled it off while living in human flesh.